Johannes de Jong is head of the Osborne Clark Amsterdam Financial Regulatory practice. He is an experienced private practice financial regulatory lawyer and immediately before joining OC, he worked as a Senior Supervisor and Legal Counsel with the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM). His expertise ranges from the regulatory regime for funds and their managers (UCITS/AIFMD), the payments industry (PSD/2EMD) including infrastructure (clearing and settlement), market abuse (MAR), the markets in financial instruments (MiFID), virtual currencies and loan and equity-based crowdfunding. As a lawyer, Johannes has acted for a broad range of clients including most of the larger Dutch financial institutions on many regulatory matters. As a Senior Supervisor and Legal Counsel with the AFM, Johannes has been involved in many aspects of financial regulatory supervision including the authorisation of large asset managers under the AIFMD. During his time at the AFM, he was involved in policy making regarding bitcoin and other virtual currencies and in various enforcement actions as an assistant penal fines officer.